Breeding dogs is a demanding task and takes a lot of time, effort and money. The first thing to note is that no two breeds of dog are exactly alike. Purebred Breeders suggests that prospective breeders objectively look at their dog and see if he or she is of breed standard, good health, and would be improving the quality of the breed. You must carefully consider several factors before breeding your dog.
The genetic history of your dog is very important. The dog must be a good representative of its breed. So whether its conformity, field, herding, obedience, or whatever is appropriate for that breed, Purebred Breeders recommends that the dog should exhibit all these attributes well. Testing must also be done as the dog matures for any problems that tend to appear in the particular breed.
Medical checks are a must. Purebred Breeders notes that sterility in both the bitch and stud can result from brucellosis. Brucellosis is a venereal disease in dogs which causes eventual sterility in both sexes and cause a litter of puppies to be aborted or die shortly after birth.
Dogs with temperamental problems should not be bred. Although we love all dogs, Purebred Breeders must note that dogs that should only be bred if they are well-adjust, obedient and confident. This is important because the nature of the parents can affect the pups, or their ability to find good homes since some persons will allow the lineage to weigh heavily on their choice.
A dog’s pedigree is also important. A knowledgeable person, for example a vet, can be asked to check the breed standard of the dog. Purebred Breeders recommends ensuring that a dog is of good pedigree, this helps in assessing its compatibility with its potential mate.
Purebred Breeders strongly advises that a bitch should only be bred ideally, every other year, and should not be bred before the season closest to the age of 2 years. This is important as she is likely to be more prepared mentally and physically for having puppies at this time than if she were younger. This however, does not apply to a stud. They however, need top-quality feeding and care if they are going to be bred often.
Purebred Breeders cannot stress the importance of vet care enough. A competent vet should be engaged to ensure that all vaccinations, medications and shots are up to date before the bitch is bred. The vet should also ensure that supplementary food is provided, especially during the last three weeks or so of pregnancy; this nourishes both the puppies and the mother.
Understanding the female breeding cycle is paramount as well. Proestrus is the first stage of this cycle and is noticeable by the swelling of the vulva and the first signs of blood. Purebred Breeders ask that this is tracked carefully, as timing is very important when breeding. The second stage of the cycle is estrus. Generally, during week two, the bitches bleeding have lightened to an almost clear discharge. She is fertile during this time and receptive to males.
Diestrus is the third stage of the breeding cycle. This is when the bitch will stop allowing the male to mount her. Purebred Breeders suggest that you be very observant of the bitches behavior as each female is different. Note also that a more experienced female tends to stand earlier and longer than an inexperienced one.